Current Affair of October 2022


1. The NGT has directed the state government of Odisha to revive Sukapaika River within 6 months. The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has instructed the Odisha government to revive Sukapaika River, a distributary of Mahanadi River. It has directed the state government to create a dedicated fund for this river's revival.

2. Thousands of trees were illegally cut down in the Corbett Tiger Reserve by the Uttarakhand government for the implementation of a safari project. A survey by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) revealed that 6,093 trees were illegally cut down in the Corbett Tiger Reserve for the Pakhro tiger safari project.

3. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) sought feedback on the 3 new varieties of Basmati rice from farmers in the rice cultivating regions of Punjab and Haryana. The three newly developed disease resistant varieties are Pusa Basmati 1847, Pusa Basmati 1885 and Pusa Basmati 1886.

4. herSTART was recently launched by President of India, Draupadi Murmu. herSTART is an initiative implemented by the Gujarat University Startup and Entrepreneurship Council (GUSEC). It is supported by the state government of Gujarat, the Central Government and the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF).

5. On 4th October, dozens of individuals participating in a mountaineering course were hit by an avalanche on Draupadi Ka Danda-II peak in Uttarakhand. A total of 16 individuals, including 2 instructors and 14 trainees have lost their life to the avalanche while taking part in a training course conducted by Nehru Institute of Mountaineering. 15 more people are currently missing.

6. Mysuru Dasara Festival was celebrated from 26th September to 5th October this year. Mysuru Dasara is a 10 day festival that commences with Navratri and concludes during the Vijayadashami. It is usually observed on the 10th day of the Hindu calendar month of Ashvina, which usually falls on September and October.

7. The first phase of the Mahakal Lok Corridor was inaugurated recently by Prime Minister Modi. The first phase of the Mahakaleshwar Temple Corridor Development Project was implemented in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh.

8. On 7th October this year, the Reserve Bank of India launched a concept note to raise public awareness about central bank digital currency (CBDC). The recently released concept note discusses key considerations like technology and design choices, possible uses of digital rupee, issuance mechanisms and other such topics.

9. The 90th anniversary of the Indian Air Force (IAF) was celebrated on 8th October 2022. This year, the celebration of the Indian Air Force Day is organized outside Delhi for the first time. It is being organized in Chandigarh, with an hour-long air display of 80 aircraft over the Sukhna Lake.

10. The physician, Dr. Dilip Mahalanabis, who pioneered the famous Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS), recently passed away at the age of 87 because of a lung infection and other age-related ailments. Dr. Dilip Mahalanabis was born on 12th November 1934, in West Bengal. He joined the Johns Hopkins University International Centre for Medical Research and Training in Kolkata in the 1960s, where he conducted research in oral rehydration therapy.

11. On 9th October, Modhera in Gujarat was declared as the first round-the-clock solar powered village in India. The Modhera village in Mehsana district of Gujarat became the first 24×7 solar powered village in India. The village has a ground-mounted solar plant.

12. The Central Government has constituted a task force to monitor the cheetah introduction project in Kuno National Park and other designated areas. The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has set up a task force to supervise the cheetah introduction project in Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh as well as in other designated areas where the cheetahs can be introduced.

13. The NASSCOM has launched the Responsible AI Hub and resource kit to support the responsible adoption of the artificial intelligence. National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) has collaborated with industry partners like Microsoft, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), IBM Research, Deloitte and Fractal Analytics to launch the Responsible AI Hub and resource kit.

14. CERT-In and Power-CSIRTs recently organized the cybersecurity exercise called PowerEX. Cyber Security Exercise "PowerEX" was designed and organized jointly by Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) and Power-CSIRTs (Computer Security Incident Response Teams in Power sector).

15. The Indian Railways recently flagged off the first indigenously-made aluminium goods train rake in Odisha. The aluminium goods train was jointly developed by Besco Limited Wagon Division and aluminium major Hindalco.

16. The state government of Tamil Nadu has notified the establishment of Kadavur Slender Loris Sanctuary. It will span across 11,806 hectares in Karur and Dindigul districts, covering areas of Kadavur taluk in Karur and Dindigul East, Vedasandur and Natham taluks in Dindigul.

17. An Ethiopian delegation led by the Agricultural Minister Dr. Meles Mekonen Yimer visited Rythu Bharosa Kendras (RBKs) to understand their gain their operational know-how. Rythu Bharosa Kendras are first-of-its-kind seeds-to-sales, single-window service centres set up by the state government of Andhra Pradesh.

18. The second edition of the UN World Geospatial International Congress is being organized in Hyderabad, Telangana from 10th to 14th October this year. The 2nd United Nations World Geospatial Information Congress (UNWGIC 2022) is being hosted by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and convened by the United Nations Committee of Experts on Global Geospatial Information Management (UN-GGIM).

19. The PM Kisan Samman Sammelan 2022 will be inaugurated by Prime Minister Modi on 17th October in Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. The 2-day PM Kisan Samman Sammelan will witness the participation of more than 13,500 farmers from across India and over 1,500 agrt-startups.

20. On 17th October, Prime Minister Narendra Modi initiated the distribution of the PMJAY-MA Yojana Ayushman cards in Gujarat. As the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Prime Minister Modi launched the Mukhyamantri Amrutam (MA) scheme in the year 2012 to provide insurance coverage for economically weak citizens to make costly medical treatment and interventions more accessible and affordable.

21. Kati Bihu is being observed in Assam on 18th October 2022. Kati Bihu is one of the three Bihu celebrated in Assam, with the other two being Bhogali or Magh Bihu (celebrated on 13th or 14th January) and Rongali or Bohag Bihu (celebrated on 14th or 15th April).

22. The "trees outside forests in India (TOFI)" programme was jointly launched by the state government of Assam and the US Agency for International Development (USAID). The programme was jointly launched by the Assam Government and the USAID in Assam to expand tree coverage outside the traditional forest areas in the northeastern state.

23. The Tamil Nadu Government launched a State Level Committee for Vulture Conservation (SLCVC) for coordination within the government for the implementation of the Action Plan for Vulture Conservation (APVC) 2020 - 2025.

24. Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Hardeep Singh Puri recently inaugurated Asia's largest Compressed Bio Gas (CBG) plant in Lehragaga, Punjab. The compressed Bio Gas (CBG) plant in Lehragaga was constructed at the cost of Rs. 230 crore over 20 acres of land.

25. The Indian Government recently disbanded the Multi-Disciplinary Monitoring Agency (MDMA) that was set up to investigate the assassination of the former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Multi-Disciplinary Monitoring Agency (MDMA) was set up in 1998 for two years based on the recommendations of the MC Jain Commission.

26. The draft of the 1st National Credit Framework has been released for public consultation. The draft National Credit Framework or NCrF was recently released by the Union Ministry of Education. It is a framework, under the 2020 National Education Policy, to integrate the credits earned via school education, higher education, vocation training and skill education.

27. Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik launched the common credit portal SAFAL to increase farmer's access to loans. SAFAL (Simplified Application for Agricultural Loans) is India's first online agricultural credit facilitation portal. This common credit portal eases access to over 300 term loan products provided for farmers and agri-entrepreneurs. These term loan products will be provided by more than 40 partner banks.

28. The Embassy of Japan applied for a GI tag for nihonshu, also known as Japanese sake. Recently, Japan sought a Geographical Indication (GI) tag for the first time in India. The Japanese Embassy in New Delhi applied for a GI tag for nihonshu (Japanese sake) at the Geographical Indication Registry in Chennai.

29. Two beaches in Lakshadweep received international eco-label "Blue Flag". Minicoy Thundi Beach and Kadmat Beach in Lakshadweep recently entered into the coveted list of Blue Beaches. These two beaches have a dedicated staff to maintain cleanliness and provide safety and security for swimmers.

30. The two-day Chintan Shivir of Home Ministers was held in Haryana. Chintan Shivir was chaired by Union Home Minister Amit Shah. It brought together Home Secretaries and Director Generals of Police (DGPs) of the States and Director Generals of Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) and Central Police Organisations (CPOs).

31. Prime Minister Modi launched Mission LiFE movement at the Statue of Unity in Gujarat. NITI Aayog conceptualized the idea of Mission LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment). Mission LiFE was introduced by Prime Minister Modi at the COP26 in Glasgow in November 2021.

32. The Indian Government officially restricted the use of popular herbicide glyphosate. Glyphosate is an herbicide that is applied on the leaves to kill both broadleaf plants and grasses. It is a non-selective herbicide that can kill almost all plants by stopping them from producing specific proteins required for their growth.

33. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDAI) has set up a consultative committee to expand health insurance cover in India. The 15 member committee has been set up for two years by the insurance regulator to achieve objective of universalization of health insurance in India.

34. On 30th October, Prime Minister Modi will lay foundation stone for C-295 transport aircraft manufacturing facility in Vadodara, Gujarat. The Vadodara-based C-295 transport aircraft manufacturing facility will be first of its kind project in which the military aircraft will be manufactured in India by a private company.


1. Russian President Vladimir Putin presided over a ceremony to formally annex four Ukrainian regions. Earlier, Russia organized a referendum on Russia's administration of these regions.

2. India has inked a defence export deal with Armenia, which is facing threat from border tensions from Azerbaijan. The estimated value of this contract is over Rs. 2,000 crore.

3. The World Habitat Day 2022 is observed on 3rd October. The purpose of this initiative is to promote the fundamental right to have adequate shelter.

4. Bannerman's Turaco is at the brink of extinction. There are an estimated 1,500 of these birds in Kilum-Ijim Mountain Forest, situated in northwest part of Cameroon.

5. The UNCTAD has released its annual Trade and Development Report 2022. The report holds that attempting to curb inflation by increasing interest rates is an impudent gamble and would lead to a recession.

6. In a policy reversal, the UK Prime Minister has scrapped the tax cut for the wealthy. This controversial tax cut had notably sparked market turmoil and caused the Pound to plunge to record low values.

7. The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned of a "worrying surge" in cholera cases across the globe. 26 countries have reported cholera outbreak in 2022.

8. World Space Week is observed from 4th to 10th October every year. Its aim is to achieve sustainability in and from space. "Space and Sustainability" is the theme for this year's World Space Week.

9. Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel recently received the Nansen Refugee Award. Ex-German Chancellor Angela Merkel received the UNHCR Nansen Award for providing asylum for refugees while in office.

10. Australia announced a plan to halt extinction of species. The strategy comes after the State of the Environment report found that Australia has the highest instances of extinction in the world.

11. The European Parliament has approved the new rule to introduce single charging port for electronic gadgets by 2024 in the EU. The new EU law states that all new smartphones, tablets and camera will have a single standard charger.

12. 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to scientists Alain Aspect, John Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for the research in the field of quantum mechanics. The Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to 221 Nobel Prize laureates between the years 1901 to 2022. John Bardeen is the only individual to receive this prestigious award twice, in 1956 to 1972.

13. Ministerial dialogue of US - India Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (USISCEP) will be held in the United States from 7th to 11th October this year. The Ministerial Dialogue will be co-chaired by Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri and US Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm.

14. Nobel Prize in Chemistry was recently conferred to Barry Sharpless, Morten Meldal and Carolyn Bertozzi. They received the Nobel Prize for pioneering the new field of Click Chemistry and demonstrating its potential in pharmaceutical and other sectors.

15. A coup d'etat took place in Burkina Faso on 30 September 2022, removing Interim President Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba over his alleged inability to deal with the country's Islamist insurgency. Damiba had come to power in a coup d'etat just eight months earlier. Captain Ibrahim Traore took over as interim leader. Within the first few hours of his leadership, Traore appointed Lieutenant Ibambe L'Monsein as the deputy leader of the newly formed National Transition Council, making L'Monsein the de facto deputy leader of Burkina Faso.

16. International Finance Corp. (IFC) has launched Global Food Security Platform to strengthen the private sector's ability to respond to food crisis and boost food production.

17. The US Government recently imposed FDPR to limit China's access to advanced computer chips and chip-making equipment, which are used for military modernization and development of weapons of mass destruction.

18. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is the fastest growing cryptocurrencies market in the world. Middle East and the North Africa (MENA) region witnessed 48 percent increase in the volume of cryptocurrency received - the highest in the world.

19. A fuel tank explosion caused the partial collapse of the Kerch Bridge, which connects Russia with Crimea. It is the longest bridge in Europe. The Kerch Bridge, also known as Crimea Bridge, is a road-and-rail bridge connecting Russia and Crimean Peninsula.

20. Historians in Egypt are currently demanding the return of the Rosetta Stone from the British Museum. The Rosetta Stone is a large stone slab that dates back to 196 BC. It was discovered by the French military leader Napoleon's army in Northern Egypt in 1799.

21. Kyrgyzstan has called off the CSTO's military drills called Indestructible Brotherhood-2022, which was set to be held in the Central Asian country from 10th to 14th October.

22. The Crypto Asset Reporting Framework or CARF was recently released by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The framework was developed amid the rapid progress in the crypto industry.

23. International Day of Girl Child is observed on 11th October each year. International Day of the Girl Child aims to raise global awareness about the gender inequality faced by girls across the world.

24. Amid the rising tensions with Russia, the members of North Atlantic Treaty Organization are planning to conduct a nuclear exercise called "Steadfast Noon". The Steadfast Noon exercise will be conducted each year and it would last for over a week.

25. Recently, scientists reported the discovery of 'The Trapping Zone' in the island nation Maldives, India's southern neighbour. This Trapping Zone is a new ecosystem, discovered some 500 meters beneath the surface, is being referred to as 'oasis of oceanic life'.

26. The Basij has been deployed by the Iranian Government to respond to the protests that have erupted following the death of a woman after her arrest by the morality police for "improperly" wearing her headscarf.

27. The Indian Government is considering Sri Lanka's proposal to translocate Indian bison to the island nation, where the gavaras have become extinct several centuries ago. It is in line with the global trend of wildlife or zoological diplomacy.

28. India is set to host the 90th General Assembly of the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) from 18th to 21th October this year in New Delhi. The purpose of the Interpol general assembly is to determine the principles and means for the organization to achieve its objectives.

29. A report titled "The impact of the war in Ukraine and subsequent economic downturn on child poverty in eastern Europe" was recently released by UNICEF. Ukraine hosts the second-largest share of children living in poverty.

30. India - Africa Security Fellowship Programme was launched recently by the Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh. It will increase ties between Indian and African researchers and boost mutual research capabilities on strategic issues.

31. The 'Solar Facility' has been approved by the International Solar Alliance at its 5th Assembly Meeting. Solar Facility is a payment guarantee mechanism under the ISA framework.

32. The Interpol Metaverse was launched at the 90th General Assembly held in New Delhi. This newly launched facility is provided via the Interpol's secure cloud.

33. Anna May Wong, a Chinese-American movie star in Hollywood, is set to become the first Asian - American to feature in US currency. This will be the fifth coin in the American Women Quarters (AWQ) Program.

34. UK Prime Minister Liz Truss resigned just 45 days after taking office. With the recent resignation, Liz Truss becomes the shortest-serving British Prime Minister.

35. The One Health Joint Plan of Action (OHJPA) was unveiled by the World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Organisation for Animal Health.

36. The Tiger Triumph exercise was jointly conducted by the United States and Indian militaries in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Its objective was to streamline diplomatic, operational and logistical coordination between the two countries while responding to disasters.

37. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) recently announced that it will take off Pakistan from its grey list. Because of the country's significant progress in strengthening legal and government mechanisms and enhancing the monitoring capacity.

38. The Plain Language Act was passed by the New Zealand Government recently. The act requires government officials to use simple and easily understandable English language in official documents and websites.

39. India is planning to expand the regional satellite navigation system NavIC. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is currently planning to expand the Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC).

40. A special meeting of the UNSC Counter-Terrorism Committee is set to be held in India. The UNSC's two-day meeting in India on counter-terrorism will be held in Mumbai and Delhi on 28th and 29th October respectively.

41. The report titled "Portrait of Immigration to Canada" was released recently by Statistics Canada. The Statistics Canada recently released the 2021 census, which includes the latest statistical portrait of immigration and ethno-cultural diversity in the country.

42. Authorities in Shanghai have rolled out an inhalable vaccine against Covid-19 as a booster dose for previously vaccinated people. The new inhalable COVID-19 vaccine is a mist that needs to be sucked through the mouth. After slowly inhaling, the receiver is required to hold his breath for five seconds. The entire procedure lasts for just 20 seconds.


1. The first indigenously developed multirole light combat helicopters named Prachand were inducted into the Indian Air Force. Prachand was formally inducted into the 143 Helicopter Unit - an IAF fleet in Jodhpur Base, Rajasthan.

2. The 90th anniversary of the Indian Air Force (IAF) was celebrated on 8th October, 2022. This year, the celebration of the Indian Air Force Day is organized outside Delhi for the first time.

3. Exercise Prasthan was organized from 11th to 12th October of this year in the Krishna Godavari Basin Offshore Development Area. Its main purpose is to integrate the efforts of all stakeholders involved in the offshore defence.

4. The seventh edition of maritime exercise IBSAMAR was organized from 10th to 12th October in South Africa. Exercise IBSAMAR is a joint maritime exercise between South Africa, Brazil and India.

5. On 14th October this year, INS Arihant has successfully launched a nuclear-capable Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) in Bay of Bengal.

6. Russia is set to demonstrate its Sprut-SDM1 light amphibious tank during the Indian Army's upcoming tender for light tanks. The amphibious tank is capable of crossing water obstacles and firing a gun while afloat.

7. The 12th edition of the biennial DefExpo will be organized from 18th to 22nd October in Gujarat. The focus of DefExpo 2022 is to promote defence export to countries in Africa and IOR.

8. The indigenous Basic Trainer Aircraft HTT-40 is set to be unveiled during the 12th edition of the DefExpo on 19th October 2022. The trainer aircraft is expected to be unveiled at the India Pavilion during the DefExpo 2022.

9. "Agni Prime" ballistic missile was successfully tested off the coast of Odisha recently. It confirmed the accuracy and reliability of the indigenous missile system.

10. The 76th Infantry Day was celebrated by the Indian Army recently. Infantry Day is observed on 27th October each year to give recognition to the contributions of Infantry - the largest fighting arm of the Indian Army.

11. On 30th October, Prime Minister Modi will lay foundation stone for C-295 transport aircraft manufacturing facility in Vadodara, Gujarat. This project is jointly implemented by European aviation major Airbus and Tata Advanced Systems (TASL) - the defence arm of the Tata Group.

Business, Economy & Banking

1. The tokenization of card-based payments will be implemented from 1st October, 2022. The Reserve Bank of India has announced that it will not extend the 1st October deadline for the implementation of the card tokenization.

2. 5G telephony service was rolled out by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the 6th Edition of India Mobile Congress 2022 organized at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi.

3. NPS Diwas was observed on 1st October by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). On this occasion, KFintech launched a novel corporate NPS initiative called FuturRs.

4. OneWeb's 36 Gen 1 low-earth orbit (LEO) satellites will be launched aboard ISRO's GSLV-Mk III. The satellites will be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota.

5. BharatSkills Forum is a new feature of the Bharatskills learning platform. This new feature will act as a digital warehouse for skilling community by providing wide-range of digital content.

6. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) and Dun & Bradstreet have recently inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to create the SIDBI-D&D Sustainability Perception Index (SIDBI - D&B SPeX).

7. The World Bank had recently downgraded India's real GDP growth forecast for the Financial Year 2023 (2022 - 23). Private investments are expected to decline because of uncertainties and high cost.

8. The World Bank's report titled "Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2022: Correcting Course" provides the first comprehensive assessment of the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on poverty in developing countries.

9. On 7th October this year, the Reserve Bank of India launched a concept note to raise public awareness about central bank digital currency (CBDC). The purpose of the concept note is to create awareness about CBDCs, especially the features of the Digital Rupee.

10. The report titled "The global forest sector outlook 2050: Assessing future demand and sources of timber for a sustainable economy" was released recently by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) at the 26th Session of the Food and Agriculture Organization Committee on Forestry in Rome.

11. 75 digital banking units were inaugurated by Prime Minister Modi on 16th October, 2022. The launch commemorates the 75th anniversary of Indian independence.

12. The PM Kisan Samman Sammelan 2022 will be inaugurated by Prime Minister Modi on 17th October in Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. It will enable networking between startups, farmers, FPOs, agri-experts, corporates etc.

13. Union Minister of Transport and Highways announced recently that National Highways Infra Trust (NHAI InvIT) bonds will provide a return of 8.05 percent each year. Its purpose is to provide funding for the government's National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP).

14. The "One Nation, One Fertilizer" scheme was launched recently by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This is the largest fertilizer initiative implemented by the Indian Government till date.

15. The Reserve Bank of India Hub (RBIH) and the India Post Payments Bank are collaborating to improve society's access to financial solutions.

16. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) has imposed a penalty on Google for abusing its dominance in the Android mobile device ecosystem. The CCI found that Google abused its dominant positions via online search and app store to protect its apps like Chrome and YouTube in mobile web browsers and online video hosting.

17. Delhi Lieutenant-Governor Vinai Kumar Saxena launched the SAMRIDDHI 2022 - 23 scheme on 26th October. SAMRIDDHI is short for Strengthening and Augmentation of Municipal Revenue for Infrastructure Development in Delhi.

Science & Technology

1. Svante Paabo was conferred the Nobel Prize in Medicine on 3rd October, 2022. Svante Pääbo received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his pioneering works in the field of paleogenomics.

2. Tesla CEO Elon Musk recently unveiled the latest prototype of Optimus - a humanoid robot developed by the American company based in Texas. Its purpose is to replace a human tasks with a machine.

3. For the first time, the spectrometer on Chandrayaan-2 mapped abundance of sodium on the moon. CLASS spectrometer, due to its improved capability and sensitivity, was able to provide clean signature of the sodium line.

4. Dragonfly rotorcraft will be launched by the American space agency in 2027 to study Titan - the largest moon of Saturn. This would be the first aircraft on the Saturn's moon and the first-ever fully controlled atmospheric flight on any moon.

5. The Advanced Space-based Solar Observatory (ASO-S) was launched aboard the Long March-2D carrier rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwestern part of China. It is nicknamed Kuafu-1, after a mythical giant that sought to capture and tame the sun.

6. CERT-In and Power-CSIRTs recently organized the cybersecurity exercise called PowerEX. 193 power sector utilities were invited to take part in this exercise.

7. Scientists have successfully implanted and integrated human neurons into new-born rats. The researchers also tested and concluded that the implanted human neuron can send signals back to the rat's body.

8. A new species of plant named Allmenia multiflora was discovered on the granite hillocks of Palakkad. Allmenia multiflora is a new species belonging to the genus Allmania.

9. NASA recently launched an independent study of unidentified aerial phenomena. A new team of scientists and experts are set to study unidentified aerial phenomena (UAP), formerly known as UFOs.

10. A new research found that climate change could increase the risk of "viral spillover" in several parts of the world. This could cause pandemics in the future. Viral spillover occurs when viruses overcome several barriers to infect new host from reservoir host (in which it usually resides).

11. The WHO fungal priority pathogens list (WHO FPPL) was released recently. The WHO FPPL is the first-ever list of fungi that are recognized as "priority pathogens".

Government Schemes

1. The Central Government recently launched the YUVA 2.0 scheme. The scheme is a mentoring programme for young and budding authors below the age of 30.

2. On the occasion of World Mental Health Day (10th October, 2022), the Indian Government launched the Tele-MANAS initiative. It aims to make mental healthcare services accessible to even the remotest and difficult-to-reach terrains in the country.

3. The Union Cabinet has recently approved a new scheme called Prime Minister's Development Initiative for North East Region (PM-DevINE). The ultimate aim of this initiative is to boost livelihood opportunities in Northeastern region, especially for women and youth.

4. On 17th October, Prime Minister Narendra Modi initiated the distribution of the PMJAY-MA Yojana Ayushman cards in Gujarat. In 2014, this scheme was extended to cover families with an annual income limit of Rs. 4 lakh.

Awards & Honours

1. The SASTRA Ramanujan Prize was recently bestowed to Yunqing Tang - an Assistant Professor at the University of California. The SASTRA Ramanujan Prize for 2022 was conferred to Yunqing Tang for her works in arithmetic and geometry of modular curves and Shimura varieties.

2. French author Annie Ernaux recently received Nobel Peace Prize in Literature. Her works are mostly inclined towards sociology, focusing on topics such as abortion and other social issues.

3. On 7th October, Nobel Peace Prize for 2022 has been conferred to human rights advocate Ales Bialiatski from Belarus, Ukrainian human rights organization named Center for Civil Liberties and Russian human rights organisation Memorial.

4. This year, the Nobel Prize for Economics was conferred to Ben Bernanke, Douglas Diamond and Philip Dybvig. A research by Dybvig and Diamond provided recommendations to prevent the collapse of the banks.

5. Hyderabad recently received the prestigious World Green City Award 2022. Hyderabad received the award at the International Association of Horticulture Producers (AIPH) 2022.

6. Shehan Karunatilaka recently received the 2022 Booker Prize for his novel "The Seven Moons of Maali Almeida". The Sri Lankan writer Shehan Karunatilaka won the Booker Prize for "The Seven Moons of Maali Almeida".

7. Madhya Pradesh Wildlife Board recently approved the establishment of a new tiger reserve called Durgavati Tiger Reserve. It will have 1,414 sq km of land as core area and 925 sq km area of buffer zone.

8. Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry recently conferred the 'Most Popular GI' award to Hyderabadi Haleem and other GI products. It received the award by beating dishes like Rasgulla, Bikaneri Bhujiya and Ratlami Sev.

9. The 2022 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought was conferred to the Ukrainian people. The award will be conferred on 14th December in Strasbourg.

10. Three Great Indian Bustards were spotted in Pakistan's Cholistan desert. GIBs are critically endangered in Pakistan because of the absence of protective measures and rampant hunting by poachers.

11. The Indian Government approved the establishment of Terai Elephant Reserve in Uttar Pradesh. The Terai Elephant Reserve will be established in Dudhwa-Pilibhit in Uttar Pradesh.


1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently inaugurated the 36th National Games in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The event will include sports such as athletics, field hockey, football, volleyball, table tennis, skateboarding, kabaddi, mallakhamba etc.

2. The Fifth Khelo India Youth Games 2022 is set to be organized in Madhya Pradesh from 31st January to 11 th February next year. It would witness the participation of 8,500 athletes.

3. On 27th October, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) announced that it will provide equal pay for both men and women.


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