Master budget, which is based on planned output level at start of budget period is considered as static budget. A static budget is a budget in which the amounts will not change even with significant changes in volume. In contrast to a static budget, a company's sales department might have a flexible budget. In the flexible budget, the sales commissions expense budget would be stated as a percentage of sales.
Price variance for direct manufacturing labour is referred as
Price variance for direct manufacturing labour is referred as rate variance. A rate variance is the difference between the actual price paid for something and the expected price, multiplied by the actual quantity purchased. The concept is used to track down instances in which a business is overpaying for goods, services, or labor.
If input used in manufacturing is smaller in quantity and output produced is greater in quantity, this will be categorized under