Lucknow Pact, (December 1916), agreement made by the Indian National Congress headed by Maratha leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah; it was adopted by the Congress at its Lucknow session on December 29 and by the league on Dec. 31, 1916.
The Muslim League demanded a separate homeland for Indian Muslims for the first time at its :
It was on this day in 1940 that the Muslim League, in its annual session held at Lahore, put forward the demand for a separate homeland for the Muslims of British India. Several Muslim League leaders spoke on the resolution before it was approved on March 24.
Mohammad Ali Jinnah commented it as “thoroughly rotten, fundamentally bad and totally unacceptable“.
Jinnah’s point of view was based upon the feeling that it would substantially increase Hindu majority at the center.