What is the result of compiling and running the following code?
class Base{
        public Base(){
public class Derived extends Base{
        public Derived(){
        public Derived(String s){
        public static void main(String[] args){
                new Derived();

A. ExamvedaDerived

B. ExamvedaBaseDerived

C. BaseExamvedaDerived

D. ExamvedaDerivedBase

E. Compilation Error

Answer: Option C

Solution(By Examveda Team)

1. new Derived(); statement executes and invoke the non-parametrized constructor of derived class i.e.
public Derived();
2. As Derived class is a subclass of class Base so super(); executes and calls the super class constructor and prints "Base".
3. After that
this("Examveda"); executes and call the parametrized constructor
public Derived(String s); of Derived class as this always refer to the current object. So, it prints "Examveda".
4. Lastly the print statement executes and prints "Derived"
Hence output is BaseExamvedaDerived.

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Related Questions on Inheritence

Which is true?

A. "X extends Y" is correct if and only if X is a class and Y is an interface

B. "X extends Y" is correct if and only if X is an interface and Y is a class

C. "X extends Y" is correct if X and Y are either both classes or both interfaces

D. "X extends Y" is correct for all combinations of X and Y being classes and/or interfaces