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A fraction in reduced form is such that when it is squared and then its numerator is increased by 25% and the denominator is reduced t0 80% it results in $$\frac{5}{8}$$ of original fraction. The product of the numerator and denominator is :

A. 6

B. 12

C. 10

D. 7

Answer: Option C

Solution(By Examveda Team)

$$\eqalign{ & {\text{Let}}\,{\text{the}}\,{\text{fraction}}\,{\text{be}}\,\frac{{100x}}{{100y}} \cr & {\text{Now}}\,{\text{according}}\,{\text{to}}\,{\text{the}}\,{\text{question}}, \cr & {\left( {\frac{{100x}}{{100y}}} \right)^2} = \frac{{125{x^2}}}{{80{y^2}}} = \frac{{25{x^2}}}{{16{y^2}}} \cr & \frac{{25{x^2}}}{{16{y^2}}} = \frac{5}{8}\left( {\frac{{100x}}{{100y}}} \right) \cr & {\frac{{100x}}{{100y}}} = \frac{2}{5} \cr & {\text{hence}}, \cr & {\text{product of numerator and denominator}} \cr & = 2 \times 5 = 10 \cr} $$

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