Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12 - 12.5% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.
The effect of manganese in improving the mechanical properties of steel depends on its carbon content. Manganese also reduces the critical cooling rate during hardening, meaning it increases the hardenability of steel. Its effect on hardenability is higher than other alloying elements. Hadfield steel is recognized for its ability to be work-hardened due to the addition of 10% to 14% of manganese.
0.05% Mild (low carbon) steel: approximately 0.05% to 0.25% carbon content with up to 0.4% manganese content (e.g. AISI 1018 steel). Less strong but cheap and easy to shape; surface hardness can be increased through carburizing
The most common example of this kind of material is rubber, whose stress-strain relationship can be defined as non-linearly elastic, isotropic, in compressible and generally independent of strain rate. Hyper elasticity provides a means of modeling the stress–strain behavior of such materials
The following element can't impart high strength at elevated temperature
The strength, hardness, and modulus of elasticity of magnesium-base materials decrease with increasing temperature. Also, the elongation increases with rising temperature up to just below the melting point where it drops to nearly zero
Full annealing is the process of slowly raising the temperature about 50 ºC (122 ºF) above the Austenitic temperature line A3 or line ACM in the case of Hypoeutectoid steels (steels with < 0.77% Carbon) and 50 ºC (122 ºF) into the Austenite-Cementite region in the case of Hypereutectoid steels (steels with > 0.77% Carbon).
In addition to aluminium, the main materials in duralumin are copper, manganese and magnesium. For instance, Duraluminium 2024 consists of 91-95% aluminium, 3.8-4.9% copper, 0.3-0.9% manganese, 1.2-1.8% magnesium, <0.5% iron, <0.5% silicon, <.0.25% zinc, <0.15% titanium, <0.10% chromium and no more than 0.15% of other elements together.