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# A vertical tower stands on ground and is surmounted by a vertical flagpole of height 18 m. At a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the bottom and the top of the flagpole are 30° and 60° respectively. What is the height of the tower?

A. 9 m

B. 10.40 m

C. 15.57 m

D. 12 m

### Solution(By Examveda Team)

Let DC be the vertical tower and AD be the vertical flagpole. Let B be the point of observation.
Given that AD = 18 m, ∠ ABC = 60°, ∠ DBC = 30°
Let DC be h
\eqalign{ & \tan {30^ \circ } = \frac{{DC}}{{BC}} \cr & \frac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }} = \frac{h}{{BC}} \cr & h = \frac{{BC}}{{\sqrt 3 }}\,......\left( eq : 1 \right) \cr & \tan {60^ \circ } = \frac{{AC}}{{BC}} \cr & \sqrt 3 = \frac{{18 + h}}{{BC}} \cr & 18 + h = BC \times \sqrt 3 \,......\left( eq: 2 \right) \cr & \frac{eq : 1}{eq : 2} \Rightarrow \frac{h}{{18 + h}} = \frac{{\left( {\frac{{BC}}{{\sqrt 3 }}} \right)}}{{\left( {BC \times \sqrt 3 } \right)}} \cr & \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, = \frac{1}{3} \cr & \Rightarrow 3h = 18 + h \cr & \Rightarrow 2h = 18 \cr & \Rightarrow h = 9\,{\text{m}} \cr}
i.e., the height of the tower = 9 m

This Question Belongs to Arithmetic Ability >> Height And Distance

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