The second battle of Tarain was fought near Thaneswar (Haryana) in 1192 A.D., between the Rajput Army under Prithviraj Chauhan and the army of Muhammad Ghori. Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated by Ghori in this battle and this paved the way of Muslim Rule in India.
Giyasuddin Balban came upon the throne at a time when the Delhi Sultanate had fallen into utter confusion due to the incompetence of the successors of Iltutmish. The country was subjected to foreign attacks. he reorganized the armed forces and thorough reforms were introduced in civil administration. Under his orders new strong fortresses were built in the north-western frontier. He saved the Sultanate from impending disintegration. So he should be considered as the ‘savior of the Delhi Sultanate’.
Iltutmish, a “slave of a slave” is regarded by several historians as the real founder and consolidator of the slave Dynasty and the Delhi Sultanate. According to them, Aibak was the ruler for four years only.
The Delhi Sultan who fell to his death while playing polo was