Sexual intercourse by husband upon his wife during separation attracts a punishment of

To constitute an offence of criminal conspiracy, what is the necessary condition to be proved?

If a person instigates, intentionally aids or engages another person to do a thing he is said to have

X dishonestly took away a jewellery box from Y's possession. While he was proceeding towards his home he found that he was being followed by Y. He abandoned the box and threw stones at Y to deter him from continuing the pursuit. X has committed:

Match List-I with List-II and give the correct answer:
List I List II
a. Mehboob Shah v. Emperor 1. Mens rea
b. State of Maharashtra v. M. H. George 2. Intoxication
c. Director of Public Prosecutions v. Beard 3. Common Intention
d. R. V. Dudley v. Stephens 4. Necessity