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Two train 100 meters and 95 meters long respectively pass each other in 27 seconds, when they run in the same direction and in 9 seconds when they run in opposite directions. Speed of the two trains are?

A. 44 km/hr, 22 km/hr

B. 52 km/hr, 26 km/hr

C. 36 km/hr, 18 km/hr

D. 40 km/hr, 20 km/hr

Answer: Option B

Solution(By Examveda Team)

$$\eqalign{ & {\text{Let the speed of first train be }} \cr & {{\text{S}}_1}{\text{ km/hr and speed of second train}} \cr & {\text{is }}{{\text{S}}_2}{\text{km/hr }} \cr & {\text{As we know,}} \cr & {\text{Time }} \cr & {\text{ = }}\frac{{{\text{total distance}}}}{{{\text{relative speed in same/opposite direction}}}} \cr & {\text{In the same direction}} \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{27 sec = }}\frac{{\left( {100 + 95} \right)}}{{\left( {{\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1} - {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_2}} \right) \times \frac{5}{{18}}}} \cr & \Rightarrow 27 = \frac{{195 \times 18}}{{\left( {{\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1} - {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_2}} \right) \times 5}} \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1} - {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_2} = 26.......................(i) \cr & {\text{In the opposite direction,}} \cr & \Rightarrow 9 = \frac{{\left( {100 + 95} \right)}}{{\left( {{\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1}{\text{ + }}{{\text{S}}_2}} \right) \times \frac{5}{{18}}}} \cr & \Rightarrow 9 = \frac{{195 \times 18}}{{\left( {{\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1}{\text{ + }}{{\text{S}}_2}} \right) \times 5}} \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1}{\text{ + }}{{\text{S}}_2} = 39 \times 2 \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1}{\text{ + }}{{\text{S}}_2} = 78 \cr & {\text{From equation (i) and (ii)}} \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1} - {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_2} = 26 \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1}{\text{ + }}{{\text{S}}_2} = 78 \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1} = \frac{{26 + 78}}{2} \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1} = \frac{{104}}{2} \cr & \Rightarrow {\text{ }}{{\text{S}}_1}{\text{ = 52 km/hr and }} \cr & \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,{{\text{S}}_2}{\text{ = 26 km/hr}} \cr} $$

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Comments ( 2 )

  1. Debolina Bose
    Debolina Bose :
    2 years ago

    How the 5/18 came?

  2. Zahid Sipra
    Zahid Sipra :
    2 years ago

    Answer is 52mps,26mps

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