In order for exchange to occur each party must have something of value to the other party. For an exchange to happen, both parties have to have something of value for each other. For instance, a man visiting a coffee shop might have enough money to buy a cup of coffee while the cafe has the coffee. Both parties must be able to communicate with each other, and both must want to exchange something and be able to do so. If the customer in the coffee shop can't make himself understood, or if he decides he doesn't want a cup of coffee, or if he turns out not to have quite enough money, then there will be no exchange. If all of the needed conditions are met, there will be an exchange of money for coffee.
Four competing philosophies strongly influence the role of marketing and marketing activities within an organization. Which if the following is not a component of market orientation?
Profitability orientation is not a component of market orientation. A profit-oriented pricing strategy involves setting prices for your products that will guarantee you'll make money on each sale. You determine your cost for manufacturing each product, then add a percentage for profit.
A market orientation recognizes that market intelligence relating to current and future customer needs is important. Market orientation is a business philosophy where the focus is on identifying customer needs or wants and meeting them. When a company has a market orientation approach, it focuses on designing and selling goods and services that satisfy customer needs in order to be profitable.
A critical marketing perspective is the process of determining:
The way in which the product is delivered to meet the customers' needs refers to Place or distribution activities. Distribution can make or break a company. A good distribution system quite simply means the company has greater chance of selling its products more than its competitors. The company that spreads its products wider and faster into the market place at lower costs than its competitors will make greater margins absorb raw material price rise better and last longer in tough market conditions. Distribution is critical for any type of industry or service.