The chain of command from the highest authority to the lowest level in the organization is Scalar chain. Scalar chain is the formal line of authority which moves from highest to lowest rank in a straight line. This chain specifies the route through which the information is to be communicated to the desired location/person.
General and Industrial Management was written by Hendry Fayol. Henri Fayol (1841 – 1925) was a French coal-mine engineer, director of mines and modern management theoretician. His scientific management theory forms the base for business administration and business management. In the academic world, this is also known as Fayolism. Henri Fayol provided one of the most influential modern management concepts of his time. He is founder of the 14 Principles of management and the five functions of management.
Study of the movements of both the workers and the machine to eliminate wasteful movement is ___________.
Study of the movements of both the workers and the machine to eliminate wasteful movement is motion study. Motion study is a systematic way of determining the best method of doing the work by scrutinizing the motions made by the worker or the machine.
Contingent plan to meet environmental pressures is strategies. A contingency plan is a course of action designed to help an organization respond effectively to a significant future event or situation that may or may not happen. A contingency plan is sometimes referred to as "Plan B," because it can be also used as an alternative for action if expected results fail to materialize.